Monday, April 8, 2013

1304.1661 (Nir Navon et al.)

Condensation Energy of a Spin-1/2 Strongly Interacting Fermi Gas    [PDF]

Nir Navon, Sylvain Nascimbène, Xavier Leyronas, Frédéric Chevy, Christophe Salomon
We report a measurement of the condensation energy of a two-component Fermi gas with tunable interactions. From the equation of state of the gas, we infer the properties of the normal phase in the zero-temperature limit. By comparing the pressure of the normal phase at T=0 to that of the low-temperature superfluid phase, we deduce the condensation energy, i.e. the energy gain of the system in being in the superfluid rather than normal state. We compare our measurements to a ladder approximation description of the normal phase, and to a fixed node Monte-Carlo approach, finding excellent agreement. We discuss the relationship between condensation energy and pairing gap in the BEC-BCS crossover.
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