Tuesday, April 16, 2013

1304.3605 (R. N. Bisset et al.)

Fluctuations of a dipolar condensate: a signature for rotons    [PDF]

R. N. Bisset, P. B. Blakie
We demonstrate that measurements of atom number fluctuations in a trapped dipolar condensate can reveal the presence of the elusive roton excitation. The key signature is a super-Possionian peak in the fluctuations as the size of the measurement cell is varied, with the maximum occurring when the size is comparable to the roton wavelength. The magnitude of this roton feature is enhanced with temperature. The variation in fluctuations across the condensate demonstrates that the roton excitations are effectively confined to propagate in the densest central region, realizing a density trapped roton gas. While our main results are based on full numerical solutions of the meanfield equations, we also develop and validate a simple local density theory. Finally, we consider fluctuations measured within a washer-shaped cell which filters out the contribution of modes with non-zero angular momentum and provides a signal sensitive to individual roton modes.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1304.3605

No comments:

Post a Comment