Wednesday, June 12, 2013

1306.2534 (R. P. Teles et al.)

Coupling vortex dynamics with collective excitations in Bose-Einstein

R. P. Teles, V. S. Bagnato, F. E. A. dos Santos
Here we analyze the collective excitations as well as the expansion of a trapped Bose-Einstein condensate with a vortex line at its center. To this end, we propose a variational method where the variational parameters have to be carefully chosen in order to produce reliable results. Our variational calculations agree with numerical simulations of the Gross-Pitaevskii equation. The system considered here turns out to exhibit four collective modes of which only three can be observed at a time depending of the trap anisotropy. We also demonstrate that these collective modes can be excited using well established experimental methods such as modulation of the s-wave scattering length.
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