Tuesday, June 18, 2013

1306.3720 (Regine Frank)

Population trapping and inversion in ultracold Fermi gases by excitation
of the optical lattice - Non-equilibrium Floquet-Keldysh description

Regine Frank
A gas of ultracold interacting quantum degenerate Fermions is considered in a three dimensional optical lattice which is externally modulated in the fre- quency and the amplitude. This theoretical study utilizes the Keldysh formalism to account for the system being out of thermodynamical equilibrium. A dynamical mean field theory, extended to non-equilibrium, is presented to calculate characteristic quantities such as the local density of states and the non-equilibrium distribution function. A dynamics Franz-Keldysh splitting is found which accounts for the non-equilibrium modification of the underlying bandstructure. The found characteristic Floquet-fan like bandstructure accounts for the quantized nature of the effect over all frequency space.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1306.3720

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