Tuesday, June 25, 2013

1306.5622 (X. W. Guan et al.)

Wilson ratio of Fermi gases in one dimension    [PDF]

X. W. Guan, X. G. Yin, A. Foerster, M. T. Bachelor, C. H. Lee, H. Q. Lin
We calculate the Wilson ratio of the one-dimensional Fermi gas with spin imbalance. The Wilson ratio of attractively interacting fermions is solely determined by the density stiffness and sound velocity of pairs and of excess fermions for the two-component Tomonaga-Luttinger liquid (TLL) phase. The ratio exhibits anomalous enhancement at the two critical points due to the sudden change in the density of states. Despite a breakdown of the quasiparticle description in one dimension, two important features of the Fermi liquid are retained, namely the specific heat is linearly proportional to temperature whereas the susceptibility is independent of temperature. In contrast to the phenomenological TLL parameter, the Wilson ratio provides a powerful parameter for testing universal quantum liquids of interacting fermions in one, two and three dimensions.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1306.5622

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