Thursday, July 18, 2013

1307.4595 (Bruno Julia-Diaz et al.)

Quantum and thermal fluctuations in bosonic Josephson junctions    [PDF]

Bruno Julia-Diaz, Alex D. Gottlieb, Joan Martorell, Artur Polls
We use the Bose-Hubbard Hamiltonian to study quantum fluctuations in canonical equilibrium ensembles of bosonic Josephson junctions at relatively high temperatures, comparing the results for finite particle numbers to the classical limit that is attained as $N$ approaches infinity. We consider both attractive and repulsive atom-atom interactions, with especial focus on the behavior near the T=0 quantum phase transition that occurs, for large enough $N$, when attractive interactions surpass a critical level. Differences between Bose-Hubbard results for small $N$ and those of the classical limit are quite small even when $N \sim 100$, with deviations from the limit diminishing as 1/N.
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