Wednesday, July 31, 2013

1307.7937 (D M Edwards)

A smooth polaron-molecule crossover in a Fermi system    [PDF]

D M Edwards
The problem of a single down spin particle interacting with a Fermi sea of up spin particles is of current interest in the field of cold atoms. The Hubbard model, appropriate to atoms in an optical lattice potential, is considered in parallel with a gas model. As the strength of an attractive short-range interaction is increased there is a crossover from "polaron" behaviour, in which the Fermi sea is weakly perturbed, to "molecule" behaviour in which the down spin particle is bound to a single up spin particle. It is shown that this is a smooth crossover, not a sharp transition as claimed by many authors.
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