Friday, April 12, 2013

1304.3323 (P. O. Bugnion et al.)

Exploring exchange mechanisms with a cold atom gas    [PDF]

P. O. Bugnion, G. J. Conduit
Fermionic atoms trapped in a double well potential are an ideal setting to study fundamental exchange mechanisms. We use exact diagonalization and complementary analytic calculations to demonstrate that two trapped fermions deliver a minimal model of the direct exchange mechanism. This is an ideal quantum simulator of the Heisenberg antiferromagnet, exposes the competition between covalent and ionic bonding, and can create, manipulate, and detect quantum entanglement. Three trapped atoms form a faithful simulator of the double exchange mechanism that is the fundamental building block behind many Heisenberg ferromagnets.
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