Thursday, June 6, 2013

1306.1171 (Bernhard M. Breid et al.)

Post-adiabatic Hamiltonian for low-energy excitations in a slowly
time-dependent BCS-BEC crossover

Bernhard M. Breid, James R. Anglin
We develop a Hamiltonian that describes the time-dependent formation of a molecular Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) from a Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer (BCS) state of fermionic atoms as a result of slowly sweeping through a Feshbach resonance. In contrast to many other calculations in the field (see e.g. [1-4]), our Hamiltonian includes the leading post-adiabatic effects that arise because the crossover proceeds at a non-zero sweep rate. We apply a path integral approach and a stationary phase approximation for the molecular zero momentum background, which is a good approximation for narrow resonances (see e.g. [5, 6]). We use two-body adiabatic approximations to solve the atomic evolution within this background. The dynamics of the non-zero momentum molecular modes is solved within a dilute gas approximation and by mapping it onto a purely bosonic Hamiltonian. Our main result is a post-adiabatic effective Hamiltonian in terms of the instantaneous bosonic (Anderson-)Bogoliubov modes, which holds throughout the whole resonance, as long as the Feshbach sweep is slow enough to avoid breaking Cooper pairs.
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