Wednesday, June 19, 2013

1306.4018 (Eric L. Hazlett et al.)

Anomalous thermoelectric transport in two-dimensional Bose gas    [PDF]

Eric L. Hazlett, Li-Chung Ha, Cheng Chin
In condensed matter physics, transport measurements are essential not only for the characterization of materials, but also to discern between quantum phases and identify new ones. The extension of these measurements into atomic quantum gases is emerging and will expand the scope of quantum simulation and atomtronics. To push this frontier, we demonstrate an innovative approach to extract transport properties from the time-resolved redistribution of the particles and energy of a trapped atomic gas. Based on the two-dimensional (2D) Bose gas subject to weak three-body recombination we find clear evidence of both conductive and thermoelectric currents. We then identify the contributions to the currents from thermoelectric forces and determine the Seebeck coefficient (a.k.a. thermopower) and Lorenz number, both showing anomalous behavior in the fluctuation and superfluid regimes. Our results call for further exploration of the transport properties, particularly thermoelectric properties, of atomic quantum gases.
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