Thursday, July 4, 2013

1307.0744 (Luigi De Sarlo et al.)

Spin fragmentation of Bose-Einstein condensates with antiferromagnetic

Luigi De Sarlo, Lingxuan Shao, Vincent Corre, Tilman Zibold, David Jacob, Jean Dalibard, Fabrice Gerbier
We study spin fragmentation of an antiferromagnetic spin 1 condensate in the presence of a quadratic Zeeman (QZ) effect breaking spin rotational symmetry. We describe how the QZ effect turns a fragmented spin state, with large fluctuations of the Zeemans populations, into a regular polar condensate, where atoms all condense in the $m=0$ state along the field direction. We calculate the average value and variance of the Zeeman state $m=0$ to illustrate clearly the crossover from a fragmented to an unfragmented state. The typical width of this crossover is $q \sim k_B T/N$, where $q$ is the QZ energy, $T$ the spin temperature and $N$ the atom number. This shows that spin fluctuations are a mesoscopic effect that will not survive in the thermodynamic limit $N\rightarrow \infty$, but are observable for sufficiently small atom number.
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