Thursday, July 11, 2013

1307.2649 (P. Salas et al.)

Trapping effect of periodic structures on the thermodynamic properties
of Fermi and Bose gases

P. Salas, M. A. Solís
We report the thermodynamic properties of Bose and Fermi ideal gases immersed in periodic structures such as penetrable multilayers or multitubes simulated by one (planes) or two perpendicular (tubes) external Dirac comb potentials, while the particles are allowed to move freely in the remaining directions. Although the bosonic chemical potential is a constant for $T < T_c$, a non decreasing with temperature anomalous behavior of the fermionic chemical potential is confirmed and monitored as the tube bundle goes from 2D to 1D when the wall impenetrability overcomes a critical value. In the specific heat curves dimensional crossovers are very noticeable at high temperatures for both gases, where the system behavior goes from 3D to 2D and latter to 1D as the wall impenetrability is increased.
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