Friday, May 3, 2013

1305.0003 (Xue-Feng Zhang et al.)

Chiral edge states and fractional charge separation in interacting
bosons on a Kagome lattice

Xue-Feng Zhang, Sebastian Eggert
We consider the extended hard-core Bose-Hubbard model on a Kagome lattice with boundary conditions on two edges. We find that the sharp edges lift the degeneracy and freeze the system into a striped order at 1/3 and 2/3 filling for zero hopping. At small hopping strengths, holes spontaneously appear and separate into fractional charges which move to the edges of the system. This leads to a novel edge liquid phase, which is characterized by fractional charges near the edges and a finite edge compressibility but no superfluid density. The compressibility is due to excitations on the edge which display a chrial symmetry breaking that is reminiscent of the quantum Hall effect and topological insulators. Large scale Monte Carlo simulations confirm the analytical considerations.
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